Books: OSHA-Is it Safe to Enter Confined Space?

Confined space
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The Confined Space Guide was developed by the Education and Training Unit, Cal/OSHA Consultation Service, California Department of Industrial Relations.

THIS Confined Space Guide has been developed to explain the hazards of confined space work and to assist employers in establishing and maintaining an effective confined space program. By implementing such a program, both employers and employees will be able to:

  • Recognize, evaluate, and control confined space hazards.
  • Save lives and protect employees from job-related injuries and illnesses.
  • Promote safe and effective work practices.
  • Reduce preventable workers’ compensation losses.
  • Comply with the law.

UNDER the California Labor Code and California Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1973, all employers in California have the legal obligation to provide and maintain a safe and healthful workplace for employees. The general requirements for employers to provide an effective Injury and Illness Prevention Program are in Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations (T8 CCR), Section 3203.
The specific confined space regulatory requirements are in T8 CCR, Article 108, sections 5156 through 5158. Because confined space work may involve many different hazards, other regulatory requirements may also apply. ( Also Read: OSHA Quick Card: Portable Ladder Safety )

Read the Is it Safe to Enter Confined Space Guide by Flipping the File below :

Section 5156 Identifies operations and industries that are regulated under Sections 5157 and
Section 5157 Applies to industries not covered in Section 5158. It contains requirements for practices and procedures to protect employees from the hazards of entry into permit-required confined spaces.
Section 5158 Applies specifically to construction, agriculture, marine terminals, grain handlings, telecommunication, natural gas, and electric utilities.
Note: Shipyard operations are regulated by Section 8355

Table of Contents

The Content of the Book:

  • Acknowledgments
  • Regulatory Requirements
  • Introduction
  • Fatal Facts
  • Rescue
  • Emergency
  • Self-Rescue, Non-Entry, and Entry Rescue
  • Rescue Training and Plan
  • On-Site Rescue Team vs. Off-Site Rescue Team
  • Rescue Equipment
  • Definitions and Basics
  • General Terminology
  • Confined Space; Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH); Permissible
  • Exposure Limits (PEL); Entry
  • Permit Evaluation
  • Permit-Required vs. Non-Permit Confined Space; Space Reclassification; Alternate Procedures; Permit-Required Confined Space Program (Hot Work and Host Employer-Contractor)
  • Confined Space Hazards
  • Atmospheric Hazards
  • Oxygen Deficiency/Enrichment; Combustible/Flammable/Explosive Gases and Vapors; Combustible Dust; Toxics; Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS); Monitoring-Air Sampling and Equipment
  • Physical Hazards
  • Mechanical; Entrapment; Engulfment; Other Types of Hazards
  • Hazard Controls
  • Controls for Atmospheric Hazards
  • Ventilation; Respiratory Protection; Other Control Measures
  • Controls for Physical Hazards
  • Isolation (Mechanical, Electrical, Pressurized Lines, Ducts, or Pipes); Other
  • Control Measures
  • Personal Protective Equipment and Tools
  • Communication System
  • Training and Education
  • Entry Team
  • Supervisor; Entrant; Attendant
  • Frequently Asked Questions
  • Attachments
  • A – Hot Work Permit Sample
  • B – Atmospheric Monitoring Equipment and General Testing Protocol
  • C – Confined Space Entry Permit Sample
  • D – Material Safety Data Sheet Sample
  • E – Setting Up a Permit-Required Confined Space Program
  • F – Permit-Required Confined Space (PRCS) Decision Flow Chart
  • References
  • Evaluation
  • Cal/OSHA Consultation Service Offices Back cover

( Also Read : Books: CAL/OSHA Pocket Guide for Construction Industry )

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